M.B.B.S, M.S., M.Ch

Dr. Harshad Parekh

Neurosurgeon (Spine and Brain Surgeon)

 

Surgery for Hydrocephalus & Congenital Malformation

 
Congenital malformation


A physical defect present in a baby at birth that can involve many different parts of the body, including the brain, heart, lungs, liver, bones, and intestinal tract. Congenital malformation can be genetic, it can result from exposure of the fetus to a malforming agent (such as alcohol), or it can be of unknown origin.
 
 

Hydrocephalus



Hydrocephalus can be defined broadly as a disturbance of formation, flow, or absorption of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) that leads to an increase in volume occupied by this fluid in the CNS.1 This condition also could be termed a hydrodynamic disorder of CSF. Acute hydrocephalus occurs over days, subacute hydrocephalus occurs over weeks, and chronic hydrocephalus occurs over months or years. Conditions such as cerebral atrophy and focal destructive lesions also lead to an abnormal increase of CSF in CNS. In these situations, loss of cerebral tissue leaves a vacant space that is filled passively with CSF. Such conditions are not the result of a hydrodynamic disorder and therefore are not classified as hydrocephalus. An older misnomer used to describe these conditions was hydrocephalus ex vacuo.


It could be communicating Hydrocephalus or obstructive Hydrocephalus due to Tumours & Infection. The treatment for this condition is carried out by these procedures:


  • V P Shunts 
  • V A Shunts 
  • Ventriculostomy